Secret Tunnel in Berlin Is an Echo From the Cold War

It was not to be. As the 260-foot tunnel, running about 13 to 16 feet under the current surface, neared completion, the Stasi, East Germany’s feared secret police, intervened. They shut down the tunnel and arrested all of the 21 would-be fugitives.

The tunnel was filled in, abandoned and forgotten, only to be discovered recently when workers at the Mauerpark, a green area near the former buffer zone around the wall, found it during building work.

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A tunnel near Bernauer Strasse in Berlin through which 57 people escaped in 1964.

Credit
Ullstein Bild, via Getty Images

Daring escapes

About 75 tunnels were built under the wall during its three-decade existence, many of them around Bernauer Strasse. Residential buildings nearby provided handy shelter for digging and for entering the passages.

One escape that received widespread attention was filmed by NBC in 1962. The network provided money for an effort by students in West Berlin to connect two cellars on either side of the wall. The resulting documentary, called “The Tunnel,” related the escape of 29 men, women and children, and it raised questions about the journalistic ethics involved.

In the autumn of 1964, 57 people from the East escaped through a tunnel that started in a disused courtyard bathroom. But this escape marked a turning point. An East German border guard was killed in a gunfight between the security forces and those helping the escape on the Western side. The 21-year-old guard, Egon Schultz, became a hero in the East after his death, leading many in the West to question the wisdom of promoting such crossings.

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A 75-year-old woman being helped through a tunnel in 1964.

Credit
Fuchs/Hulton Archive, via Getty Images

Preserving a legacy

For a long stretch, Bernauer Strasse runs parallel to the site…

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